Unraveling Intertextuality: A Postmodern Study of Heiner Mueller's “The Hamlet machine,” and Richard Curtis' “The Skinhead Hamlet” with Reference to Shakespeare's “Hamlet”


  • Mazhar Abbas
  • Ali Ahmad Kharal
  • Bushra Shoukat


Intertextuality, Intertextuality of quotations, Intertextuality of allusions, Intertextuality of parody, Intertextuality of irony, Hypertext


This paper intends to explain the postmodern literary trope of intertextuality in the light of its theorization by Julia Kristeva. The paper also seeks to highlight its uses for the depiction of the postmodern realities in the plays “The Hamlet machine” and “The Skinhead Hamlet” by Heiner Mueller and Richard Curtis, respectively. It starts with its etymological and semantic derivatives, and then defines it in the light of theoretical perspectives of Bakhtin, Morson, Emerson, Kristeva, and reviews its evolution from the Aristotelian period to the present age. It also highlights its types such as quotations, revisions, translations, mosaics, calque, and baroques explained by Michele Marrapodi and Shaw and has been analyzed concerning the context of these plays to understand their semantic implications. The paper also shows that the titles, structures, and word plays, too, the manifest interplay of various tropes of intertextuality.




How to Cite

Abbas, M. ., Kharal, A. A. ., & Shoukat, B. . (2021). Unraveling Intertextuality: A Postmodern Study of Heiner Mueller’s “The Hamlet machine,” and Richard Curtis’ “The Skinhead Hamlet” with Reference to Shakespeare’s “Hamlet”. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 41(4), 813-822. Retrieved from http://pjss.bzu.edu.pk/index.php/pjss/article/view/1034