The Relationship between Optimism and Academic Achievement among University Students in Pakistan


  • Bushra Akram Department of Psychology, Forman Christian College (A Chartered University)
  • Ivan Suneel Department of Psychology, Forman Christian College (A Chartered University)


Optimism, Collectivistic Culture, Pakistan, Academic Achievement


The students’ academic achievement cannot be studied in isolation as optimism shares a relationship with students’ academic performance. The previous studies suggested the association between optimism and academic achievement. Moreover, the males were found optimistic as compared to females. In the light of previous findings, the first hypothesis was there would be a relationship between optimism and academic achievement. Second hypothesis was males would be more optimistic than females in collectivistic culture whereas the third hypothesis was females would have high academic achievement than males. There were two hundred and ninety-six students who were randomly selected for this study and they were administered a questionnaire that was Revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-R) which aimed to measure the level of optimism and pessimism. The achievement of the students measured through their Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA). The males and females were significantly different across the variable academic achievement. On contrary to this, no significant difference found between both the sexes across optimism. Furthermore, no remarkable relationship reported between optimism and academic achievement. The collectivistic culture of Pakistan could be the cause behind non-significant results.


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How to Cite

Akram, B., & Suneel , I. . (2023). The Relationship between Optimism and Academic Achievement among University Students in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 43(2), 283-294. Retrieved from