Analyzing (Mis)representation of the Muslims’ Holy Book ‘Al-Quran’ in Early Modern English Texts


  • Zahid Aslam Lecturer, Department of English, Khushhal Khan Khattak University, Karak, Pakistan
  • Azher Khan Lecturer, Department of English, MNS University of Agriculture, Multan, Pakistan
  • Nasar Iqbal Lecturer, Department of English, University of Narowal, Narowal, Pakistan



Misrepresentation, Al-Quran, Early Modern English Texts, Elizabethan Era, EEBO-TCP


Purpose: This study explores the representation of the Muslim holy book, ‘Al-Quran,’ in early modern English texts from the Elizabethan era, employing textual research through the EEBO-TCP database.

Design/Methodology/Approach: Utilizing the Early English Books Online Text Creation Partnership (EEBO-TCP), the research investigates how early modern English authors depicted ‘Al-Quran,’ focusing on the portrayal of Islam and Muslims.  

Findings: The examination reveals a pervasive negative representation of ‘Al-Quran’ in Elizabethan writings, associating it with falsehood, witchcraft, and opposition to Christian beliefs. This negativity arises from religious challenges posed by Islam and political tensions, including the threat perception of Ottoman Turks.

Implications/Originality/Value: The study contributes by leveraging digital resources like EEBO-TCP, shedding light on historical perceptions of Islam in the Elizabethan era. It underscores the political and religious motivations behind the negative representation of ‘Al-Quran,’ offering insights into the psychological and emotional strategies employed by Elizabethan England to counter perceived threats.  

Author Biography

Zahid Aslam, Lecturer, Department of English, Khushhal Khan Khattak University, Karak, Pakistan






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How to Cite

Aslam, Z., Khan, A., & Iqbal, N. (2023). Analyzing (Mis)representation of the Muslims’ Holy Book ‘Al-Quran’ in Early Modern English Texts. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 43(4), 585-595.