Assessing Religious Orientation, Prosocial Behaviour & Behavioural Problems in Adolescent Girls


  • Faiz Younas Lecturer, Institute of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore
  • Ummama Ashraf MSc Scholar, Institute of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore
  • Shazia Qayyum Institute of Applied Psychology, University of Punjab, Lahore


Extrinsic Religious Orientation, Intrinsic Religious Orientation, Prosocial Behaviour, Behavioural Problems, Madrassa Students


This comparative study aimed to investigate the association between religious orientation, prosocial behaviour and behavioural problems in adolescent girls studying in traditional and modern madrassas systems. Following APA-mandated ethical guidelines, 172 (n = 86 traditional madrassa, n = 86 modern madrassa) adolescent girls of 11-17 years of age (M = 13.69, SD = 1.80) were recruited through purposive sampling technique in this cross-sectional correlational research. Apart from providing sociodemographic information, all participants responded to the Religious Orientation Scale-Revised (Gorsuch & McPherson, 1989) and The Strength and Difficulty Questionnaire (used both for prosocial behaviour and behavioural problems; Goodman et al., 1998). The findings indicated that intrinsic religious orientation had a negative association with behavioural problems including conduct problems, peer relationship problems, emotional problems and hyperactivity/inattention, while a positive relationship with prosocial behaviours. Also, intrinsic religious orientation positively predicted prosocial behaviour whereas extrinsic religious orientation positively predicted behavioural problems. Moreover, adolescents from traditional madrassas showed more extrinsic religious orientation and behavioural problems than those studying at modern madrassas who demonstrated more intrinsic religious orientation and prosocial behaviour. These outcomes have important implications for mental health professionals, policymakers and researchers focused on educational settings and adolescent development.

Author Biographies

Faiz Younas, Lecturer, Institute of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore


Institute of Applied Psychology

University of Punjab, Lahore.

Ummama Ashraf, MSc Scholar, Institute of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore

MSc Scholar

Institute of Applied Psychology

University of Punjab, Lahore.


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How to Cite

Younas, F., Ashraf, U., & Qayyum, S. (2023). Assessing Religious Orientation, Prosocial Behaviour & Behavioural Problems in Adolescent Girls. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 43(2), 271-282. Retrieved from