The Psychological Impact of Online Learning on The Graduate Students of Peri-Urban Areas of Karachi


  • Muhammad Yaseen Assistant Professor at Department of Sociology, University of Turbat.
  • Najeeb-ul- Rehman M.Phil. Scholar at Department of Sociology, University of Karachi.
  • Gul Hasan Dean Faculty of Legal Education, University of Turbat.


Online Learning, Pandemic, Thematic Analysis


The present study was conducted to know the psychological impact of digital online learning on graduate students of peri-urban areas of Karachi, during the covid-19 pandemic crisis. The study opens the policymaker's eyes to the new and modern policies in the academic sector. The study has explored how low-income students are suffering from the shifting of learning from physical to online learning. The study comprised 10 female students aged 21-30 years. To guarantee data accuracy and consistency, the participants were interviewed in Urdu, and the interviews were recorded and transcribed into English. The data were analyzed using thematic analysis, and numerous procedures, including member verification, peer debriefing, and data source triangulation, were employed to verify the reliability and validity of the data. The study adhered to ethical standards, and all subjects provided informed consent. After the analysis the researcher has explores that there are no defined standards of training and development in the academic institutions. The courses and training are outdated. Still, blackboard and white chalk are being used in the academic institution. The researcher has concluded that responsible institutions need to take steps for the development of education in the modern era.  


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How to Cite

Yaseen, M., Rehman, N.- ul-., & Hasan, G. . (2023). The Psychological Impact of Online Learning on The Graduate Students of Peri-Urban Areas of Karachi. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 43(2), 295-304. Retrieved from