Leniency in Sentencing the Female Criminals: A Case Study of Central Jail, Lahore


  • Muhammad Arif Saeed Assistant Professor, Department of Law, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan
  • Omer Farooq Zain Dean, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Bahuauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan
  • Aqsa Qandeel PhD Anthropology and Sociology, University of Malay, Malaysia Lecturer in Sociology, The Women's University Multan, Pakistan


Leniency, Sentencing, Female Criminality, Otto Pollak Theory


The causality of female criminality and sentencing is an interconnected phenomenon that is taken more lenient than sentencing male criminals. The current study has purposed to highlight the types of crimes committed by females and the extent of leniency in sentencing them to the legalized formal punishment. This qualitative research was conducted in the Central Jail Lahore by interviewing female criminals. The implication of Otto Pollak's theory of female criminality (1950) provided the theoretical foundation to conceptualize the study. According to theory, various motives and types of crimes were found in female criminality: poisoning, infanticide, aggravated assault, false accusation, sex offenses against children, and domestic theft. According to it, the study categorized female crimes and revealed the duration and type of sentences given to them accordingly or leniently. The implication of qualitative narrative analysis analyzed the data. The study will be produced to highlight the criminal laws on females and the gaps in sentencing females in case of brutal crimes.

Author Biographies

Muhammad Arif Saeed, Assistant Professor, Department of Law, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan




Omer Farooq Zain, Dean, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Bahuauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan





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How to Cite

Saeed, M. A. ., Zain, O. F. ., & Qandeel, A. (2023). Leniency in Sentencing the Female Criminals: A Case Study of Central Jail, Lahore. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 43(2), 227-241. Retrieved from http://pjss.bzu.edu.pk/index.php/pjss/article/view/1308