Exploring Color Fastness and Color Transition Effects of Thermochromic Pigments on Different Cotton Fabrics via Screen Printing
Keywords:Thermochromic, Printing Techniques, Woven Cotton
Purpose: The aim of this research is to analyze how thermochromic pigment interacts with different fabric types, including lawn, staple cotton, slub cotton, karandi, viscose, and cambric. The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness and durability of the pigment on each fabric type, taking into consideration factors such as color fastness to wash and spectrophotometer analysis. Researcher also examined and explored the artistic possibilities of textile design by developing two different seamless designs one is predicting colour transitions while other maintain complete look after vanishing of the color.
Design/Methodology: Quantitative Experimental method was used in this study. To assess the effectiveness of the thermochromic pigment on the different fabric types, the researcher applied the pigment onto swatches of each fabric by using screen printing technique then subjected the swatches to various tests.
Findings: The spectrophotometric analysis of printed samples revealed that Lawn, cambric and staple showed best result whereas all cotton samples showed good result to wash fastness.
Implications: This paper offered valuable insight and depth of understanding which will be needed for development of dynamic pattern. Moreover, the knowledge got from this research, open new doors of innovation in textile and fashion designing industry.
A.Khattab, T., A. Allam, A., & S. Abdelrahman, M. (2019). Development of Illuminant Glow- in-the-Dark Cotton Fabric Coated by Luminescent Composite with Antimicrobial Activity and Ultraviolet Protection. Journal of Fluorescence.
Elmaaty, T. A., Ramadan, S. M., Eldin, S. M. N., & Elgamal, G. (2018). One Step Thermochromic Pigment Printing and Ag NPs Antibacterial Functional Finishing of Cotton and Cotton/PET Fabrics. Fibers and Polymers, 19(11), 2317-2323.
Karpagam, K. R., Saranya, K. S., Gopinathan, J., & Bhattacharyya, A. (2017). Development of smart clothing for military applications using thermochromic colorants. The Journal of The Textile Institute, 108(7), 1122-1127.
Kert, M., & Gorjanc, M. (2017). The study of colour fastness of commercial microencapsulated photoresponsive dye applied on cotton, cotton/polyester and polyester fabric using a pad?dry?cure process. Coloration Technology, 133(6), 491-497.
Kooroshnia, M. (2013). Leuco dye-based thermochromic inks: recipes as a guide for designing textile surfaces. In 13th AUTEX World Textile Conference, Dresden Germany. AUTEX World Textile Conference.
Ly, B. C. K., Dyer, E. B., Feig, J. L., Chien, A. L., & Del Bino, S. (2020). Research techniques made simple: cutaneous colorimetry: a reliable technique for objective skin color measurement. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 140(1), 3-12.
Rashid, M. A., Hossain, M. D., Nakib-Ul-Hasan, M., & Islam, M. A. (2013). Evaluation of effective jute dyeing process with basic dye and reactive dye. International Journal of Advanced Scientific Engineering and Technological Research, 2(9), 525
Zhang, Y., Hu, Z., Xiang, H., Zhai, G., & Zhu, M. (2019). Fabrication of visual textile temperature indicators based on reversible thermochromic fibers. Dyes and Pigments, 162, 705-711.