Ecological Footprint of the Islamia University of Bahawalpur (IUB), Pakistan: An Institutional Level Analysis


  • Fiza Aijaz M.Phil. Scholar, Economics Department, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan
  • Dr Abid Rashid Gill Chairman Economics Department, and Director, Green Campus Project IUB, Pakistan
  • Nadia Hassan Lecturer, Department of Economics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan



Ecological Footprint, Bio Capacity, Bio Deficit, Campus Sustainability


Purpose: This research paper evaluates campus sustainability through the Ecological Footprint (EF) analysis. It improves the understanding of the community of the IUB about the environmental impact they generate.

Design/Methodology/Approach: This study used the component-based parameters method to calculate the environmental impacts of a university campus. The primary data about the energy, i.e., natural gas and electricity, water consumption, waste generation, paper use, and fuel consumption, has been collected for 2020- 2021 and 2021- 2022 through the survey and the interview to compute EF for the IUB.

Findings: The results reveal that the per capita EF for 2021 was 8.3 gha, and for 2022 was 7.2 gha. The EF is further decomposed into 53% of fuel and 30% of waste, the main contributing factors to campus unsustainability.

Implications/Originality/Value: The study concludes that increased environmental awareness among students, employees, and staff can reduce the pressure on environmental resources as it is inevitable to achieve the target of a sustainable campus.


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How to Cite

Aijaz, F., Gill, D. A. R., & Hassan, N. . (2023). Ecological Footprint of the Islamia University of Bahawalpur (IUB), Pakistan: An Institutional Level Analysis. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 43(3), 335-346.