Identifying the Grammatical Errors in ESL Students at Graduate Level: A Comparative Analysis of Multimedia and Traditional modes of Pedagogy


  • Hafsa Qadir Buzdar NUML Multan



Sociolinguistics, English, Writing, Technology, Pedagogy


Purpose: The information and communication technology (ICT) in the twenty-first century has shifted the focus of English as a second language (ESL) practitioners away from the traditional and learner-centered pedagogy that was prevalent in the past in which focus of education was more learner-oriented. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the influence that information and communication technology (ICT) has on the writing abilities of graduate level students.

Design/Methodology/Approach: To collect data for this purpose, the 60 respondents i.e., 30 were from BSCS 1st & 30 from SE 1st were chosen from NUML, Multan by using Krejcie & Morgan (1970) method for sample selection. Both groups of students, i.e., one group was taught through using traditional methods and others were taught by using ICT methodologies for a period of 20 days. A test has been carried out that consisted of an essay-style question, and the students have been asked to compose an essay on the subject that has been provided to them.

Findings: The The outcomes of the test were recorded and evaluated by using Corder’s (1970) error analysis for posterity. Results of both groups were analyzed and compared.

Implications/Originality/Value:  It was concluded through the facts that the use of ICT in English language instruction has significantly improved the scores of the students. Hence, it was proved through statistical analysis that information and communication technology has a major impact in improving the writing abilities of ESL students.


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How to Cite

Buzdar, H. Q. (2024). Identifying the Grammatical Errors in ESL Students at Graduate Level: A Comparative Analysis of Multimedia and Traditional modes of Pedagogy. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 44(1), 1-8.