Karl Popper on Science and Pseudo Science


  • Muhammad Jawwad Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.




Science, Pseudo Science, Principle of Falsifiability, Verifiability


Purpose: The aim of this research is to understand thoroughly the concept of Science and Pseudo Science of Karl R. Popper, who appeared before the world as an original thinker with his novel and creative ideas about Science. Furthermore, this study will help comprehend the influence of his Principle of Falsifiability on different forms of human learning e.g., Science, Art, Social Sciences etc.   

Design/Methodology/Approach: The study is fundamentally theoretical and qualitative in nature, in which the original books and articles of Popper are used as primary source.

Findings: The author of the article suggests that every educated person in the world should read Popper and understand the role of creative conjectures in human progress. Moreover, it should be kept in mind that human knowledge is not certain and conclusive.  

Implications/Originality/Value: So, it is concluded that for Popper the method of Science is simple a Trial and Error method and observation and experience play the role of a negative argument along with Critical Rationalism to check the validity of Scientific statements.  


E. D. Klemke, (1979). Objective knowledge, and the third world, Philosophia 9(1), 45-62. https://doi:10.1007/BF02379985

Miller, David. (1983). A pocket popper. Glassgow: Fontana Press.

Overdose, Philosophy. (2015). Karl Popper - Science, Epistemology, & Political Theory. [Video File]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=17C8kSRU0IY

Popper, Karl R. (1992). Unended Quest (An intellectual autobiography). London: Routledge.

Popper, Karl R. (1979). Objective Knowledge: An Evolutionary Approach Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Popper, Karl R. (1960). Knowledge without authority. David Miller (Ed.), A pocket popper (pp. 46 57). Fontana Press.

Popper, Karl R. (1996). The Myth of the framework: In defence of science and rationality, Philosophy of Science 71(2), 315-319. https://doi:10.1017/S0031819100041553

Popper, Karl R. (1972). Conjectures and refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge. Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Popper, Karl R. (1945). The Defence of Rationalism. David Miller (Ed.), A pocket popper (pp. 33-45). Fontana Press.

Popper, Karl R. (1992). The Logic of Scientific Discovery. London: Routledge.

Popper, Karl R. (1967). Knowledge: Subjective versus Objective. David Miller (Ed.), A pocket popper (pp. 58-77). Fontana Press.

Rowbottom, Darrell. (2011). Popper's Critical Rationalism. New York: Routledge.




How to Cite

Jawwad, M. (2023). Karl Popper on Science and Pseudo Science. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 43(3), 361-366. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8336944