A Novel Transformation in the Party Politics of Pakistan: An Analysis of Shift in the Political Culture Post 2013 Elections


  • Asma Noor Student, Department of Political Science, Islamia College Peshawar, Pakistan.
  • Faiza Bashir Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Islamia College Peshawar, Pakistan.
  • Tabassum Majeed Lecturer, Department of Political Science, Islamia College Peshawar, Pakistan.




Political Culture, Dynastic Politics, Corruption, Elections, Political Parties


Purpose: The aim of this research is to analyze the transformation in the political culture of Pakistan post 2013 elections.

Design/Methodology/Approach: The work of Gabriel Almond and Sydny Verba has been used in this study. Qualitative method was used in this study to analyze the transformation in the Political culture of Pakistan.

Findings: The results revealed that this decade will be remembered as a climacteric in the political history of Pakistan because it saw a significant drop in dynastic politics and an increase in the political clout of the middle class. The study also finds that Political parties are abstract forces that mold public opinions and values; hence, it makes sense to delve deeply into competing political subcultures with "politics" at the center of such analyses.

Implications/Originality/Value: The results of the study's analysis show that Pakistan's dominant system of dynasty politics encountered a problem when a new party emerged as the main rival for the premiership.


Ahmad, A., & Anwar, H. N. (2018). Association between Femininity and women voters Political Trust in Pakistan. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 28(05). https://doi.org/10.1080/10911359.2018.1460000

Ahmad, S., & Skoric, M. M. (2014). My Name Is Khan: The Use of Twitter in the Campaign for 2013 Pakistan General Election. Hawaii International Conference on System Science. https://doi.org/DOI:10.1109/HICSS.2014.282

Akhter, M. J. (2010). Dilemma of Political Culture: Case Study of Pakistan (1988-1997) [Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan]. http://prr.hec.gov.pk/jspui/handle/123456789//1263

Almond, G., & Verba, S. (1963). The Civic Culture: Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations. Princeton UP.

Asad, I., & Mackenzie, N. (2019). Media Influence Matrix: Pakistan. Center for Media, Data & Society, CEU School of Public Policy. https://cmds.ceu.edu/sites/cmcs.ceu.hu/files/attachment/basicpage/1613/mimpakistantech.pdf

Badshah, L., Rehman, A. U., & Muhammad, N. (2018). Political Determinants of Voting Behaviour in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 02(01). https://doi.org/10.47264/idea.lassi/2.1.1

Cho, S.-J. (2009). Retrospective Voting and Political Representation. Midwest Political Science Association, 53(02).

Derksen, N., Falconi, F. M., Jayme, S., & Worsech, C. (2018). Increasing Youth Voter Turnout. London School of Economics and Political Science. https://www.lse.ac.uk/PBS/assets/documents/Increasing-Youth-Voter-Turnout.pdf

Evans, G. (2000). The Continued Significance of Class Voting. Annual Review of Political Science, 03. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.polisci.3.1.401

Flamenbaum. (2012, May 24). The PTI and Pakistan’s Changing Political Landscape. United States Institute of Peace. https://www.usip.org/publications/2012/05/pti-and-pakistans-changing-political-landscape

Gerber, A. S., Green, D. P., & Shachar, R. (2003). Voting May Be Habit-Forming: Evidence from a Randomized Field Experiment. American Journal of Political Science, 47(03).

Gilani, B. (2013). Pakistan National Elections: 2013. Gallup Pakistan. https://gallup.com.pk/bb_old_site/election/10GIER2013.pdf

Hayat, M. N., Fatima, K., Mukhtar, U., & Bano, S. (2016). Economic Performance of Pakistan under Democracy and Military Regimes. Journal of Economics, Business and Management, 04(12), 690–694.

Hussain, Q. A. (2020). Political Dynasties and Democracy: Case Study of Pakistan Political System After 1970s [Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan]. http://prr.hec.gov.pk/jspui/handle/123456789/16258

Hussain, S., Sajid, A. R., & Jullandhry, S. (2018). Politics-media-youth nexus: Analysis of Pakistan’s General Elections 2013. Cogent Social Sciences, 04(01).

Islam, M. (2013). Religion and Political Development in Pakistan. Journal of South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, 36(02), 70–90.

Khan, I. (2018, July 29). PTI secures lead of four million votes over PML-N. Dawn. https ://www. dawn.com/news/14236 05.

Khan, K. Aziz. (2011). 2002 Elections in Pakistan: A Reappraisal. Journal of Political Studies, 18(01), 93–108.

Lane, J. E., & Ersson, S. (1994). Comparative Politics: An Introduction and New Approach. Polity Press.

Malik, A. (2014). Pakistan in 2013: A Milestone in Democratic Transition. Asian Survey, 54(01), 177–189.

Marari, S. K. (1999). A Journey of Disillusionment. Oxford University Press.

Monshupuri, M., & Samuel, A. (1995). Development and Democracy in Pakistan: Tenuous or Plausible Nexus? Asian Survey, 35(11), 973–989.

Paracha, N. F. (2017, January 26). The Muslim League: A factional history. DAWN.COM. http://www.dawn.com/news/1310662

Paracha, N. F. (2022, October 27). The Political Making and Mutation of Pakistan’s New Middle-Class. The Friday Times - Naya Daur. https://www.thefridaytimes.com/2022/10/27/the-political-making-and-mutation-of-pakistans-new-middle-class/

Peter, A. (2006). Class Voting in the New Political Culture. International Sociology, 21(02).

Rehman, F. U., Ahmad, N., & Nasir, M. (2022). Political Dynasties and Local Economic Development in Pakistan. The Pakistan Development Review, 61(03). https://thepdr.pk/index.php/pdr/article/view/3124

Rizvi, H.-A. (1984). The Paradox of Military Rule in Pakistan. Asian Survey, 24(05), 534–555.

Robinson, S. (2008, February 29). Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews. Time. https://content.time.com/time/world/article/0%2c8599%2c1718614%2c00.html

Rosenberg, M. J., & Hovland, C. I. (1960). Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Components of Attitudes. In Attitude Organization and Change. An Analysis of Consistency Among Attitude Components. Yale University Press.

Rutberg, R. I. (1999). Social Capital and Political Culture in Africa, America, Australasia, and Europe. The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 29(03).

Saleem, F. (2017, August 2). The Disqualification of Nawaz Sharif: Implications for Democracy in Pakistan – NUS Institute of South Asian Studies (ISAS). https://www.isas.nus.edu.sg/papers/503-the-disqualification-of-nawaz-sharif-implications-for-democracy-in-pakistan/

Seligson, M. A. (April2002). The Renaissance of Political Culture or the Renaissance of the Ecological Fallacy? Comparative Politics, 34(03).

Shah, A. (2014). The Army and Democracy: Military and Politics in Pakistan. Harvard University Press.

Shah, A. (2019). Pakistan in 2018: Theft of an Election. Asian Survey, 59(01), 98–107.

Sheikh, J. A., Bokhari, S. S. S., & Naseer, R. (2015). Voting Behavior and Elections in Pakistan (A Case Study of Pakistani Election Methods and Methodology. The Explorer Islamabad: Journal of Social Sciences, 01(12), 449–456.

Steinmetz, G. (1999). Introduction: Culture and the State. In State/culture: State-formation after the cultural turn. Cornell University Press.

Syed, A. H. (1978). Bhutto’s Self-Characterizations and Pakistani Political Culture. Asian Survey, 18(12), 1250–1266.

Tavits, M. (2008). Party Systems in the Making: The Emergence and Success of New Parties in New Democracies. Cambridge University Press.

Voinea, C. F. (2020). Political culture research: Dilemmas and trends. Qual Quant, 54(Prologue to the special issue.), 361–382. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11135-019-00943-0

Web Desk. (2021, January 16). Imran Khan is an inexperienced player: Maryam Nawaz. https://www.thenews.com.pk/latest/775177-imran-khan-is-an-inexperienced-player-maryam-nawaz

Welch, S. (2013). The Political Culture Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.




How to Cite

Noor, A. ., Bashir, F. ., & Majeed, T. . (2024). A Novel Transformation in the Party Politics of Pakistan: An Analysis of Shift in the Political Culture Post 2013 Elections. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 44(1), 53-62. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10617631